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The American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Biomateriomics - from Atoms to Structures Webinar

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Overview / Abstract:

What if we could design materials that integrate powerful concepts of living organisms – self-organization, the ability to self-heal, and an amazing flexibility to create astounding material properties from abundant and inexpensive raw materials? This webinar will present a comprehensive review of bottom-up design of materials for various purposes – as structural materials such as bone in our body or lightweight composites, for electronic applications as thin metal films, and as multifunctional sensors to measure small changes in temperature or stress, designed from the bottom up and through a close coupling of experiment and powerful computation as we assemble a new generation of materials, atom by atom.

The webinar will begin with a presentation of materials in biological systems, which are synthesized, controlled and used for an astonishing variety of purposes—structural support, force generation, mass transport, catalysis, or energy conversion—despite severe limitations in available energy, quality and quantity of building blocks. The webinar will discuss how by incorporating concepts from biology and engineering, computational modeling has led the way in identifying the core principles that link the molecular structure of biomaterials at scales of nanometers to physiological scales at the level of tissues, organs, and organisms. As a result a new paradigm of materials design has emerged, based on the insight that the way components are connected at different length-scales defines what material properties can be achieved, how they can be altered to meet functional requirements, and how they fail in disease states; rather than the chemical composition of materials alone. The webinar will discuss similarities of biological material concepts with engineered materials, and present opportunities to design defect tolerant coatings, interconnects and multifunctional sensors.

The use of the world’s fastest supercomputers allows us to predict properties of complex materials from first principles, realized in a multiscale modeling approach that spans massive ranges in scale. Combined with experimental studies, such “in silico” models allow us to simulate disease, understand catastrophic failure of tissues and organs, and enable us to translate concepts from the living world into groundbreaking material designs that blur the distinction between the living and non-living systems. The webinar will review case studies of joint experimental-computational work of biomimetic materials design, manufacturing and testing for the development of strong, tough and mutable materials for applications as protective coatings, cables and structural materials. The webinar will outline challenges and opportunities for technological innovation for biomaterials and beyond, exploiting novel concepts of mathematics based on category theory, which leads to a new way to organize hierarchical structure-property information.


Jan 09, 2020


Civil Engineering , Electrical Engineering , Mechanical Engineering





Presenters / Authors / Faculty

Presenter: Professor Markus Buehler
Markus J. Buehler is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he directs the Laboratory for Atomistic and Molecular Mechanics (LAMM). He is the Co-Director of the MIT Computation for Design and Optimization Program, Director of the MIT-Germany Program, and leads the Mechanics and Materials Group in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Buehler has published more than 190 articles on computational materials science, nanotechnology and nanoscience, authored two monographs, and given several hundred invited, keynote and plenary talks. Buehler received the National Science Foundation CAREER award, the United States Air Force Young Investigator Award, the Navy Young Investigator Award, and the DARPA Young Faculty Award, as well as the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). He was an invitee and plenary speaker at the National Academy of Engineering-Frontiers in Engineering Symposium. He recently received the Harold E. Edgerton Faculty Achievement Award for exceptional distinction in teaching and in research or scholarship, the highest honor bestowed on young MIT faculty. Other major awards include the Materials Research Society Outstanding Young Investigator Award, the Society of Engineering Science Young Investigator Medal, the Thomas J.R. Hughes Young Investigator Award, the Sia Nemat-Nasser Medal, the Rossiter W. Raymond Memorial Award, the Stephen Brunauer Award, the Alfred Noble Prize, and the Leonardo da Vinci Award. Buehler serves as a member of the editorial board of several international publications including: Roy. Soc. Interface, PLoS ONE, Int. J. Appl. Mech., Acta Mech. Sinica, J. Mech. Beh. Biomed. Mat., J. of Engrg. Mech., J. Nanomech. Micromech, J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. and BioNanoScience (as Editor-in-Chief). He is the founding chair of the Biomechanics Committee at the Engineering Mechanics Institute of ASCE, a member of the U.S. National Committee on Biomechanics, and Co-Chair of the Nanoengineering in Biology in Medicine Steering Committee of ASME.

Keywords / Search Terms

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers

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